Little Known Brown Fat May Be The Key To Fat Loss

brown-fat-cellsUniversity of California at San Francisco researcher Dr. Shingo Kajimura believes the answer to this epidemic could be fighting fat with fat.

There are two types of fat, white which stores energy and brown fat which burns it. Animals like bears and squirrels have higher concentrations of the fat. They use the fat as a way to warm themselves especially in cold environments. It was once thought humans did not have brown fat but that has been proven incorrect.

Dr. Kajimura who spoke Thursday at the University of Hawaii John A. Burns School of Medicine believes that harnessing the power of brown fat could be a solution to the nation’s obesity problem. He’s testing different drugs that can induce the fat burning powers of brown fat. One diabetes drug has been discovered that converts white fat to brown but the drug includes multiple serious side effects according to Kajimua. Other substances have proven to have potential and with further research the hope is to develop a drug that will activate the body’s brown fat potential.

Researchers believe that there are some foods that likely do tap into fat burning brown fat. They include chile peppers and some teas like green tea. Also, prolonged exposure to the cold has been showed to increase brown fat. Activities like swimming in cold water may activate the fat but do come with health risks. The obesity epidemic is seemingly never ending.

One doctor believes he might have the solution, fight fat with fat. There’s two types of fat, white fat that stores energy and calorie burning brown fat. It was once thought humans didn’t have this brown fat which nature designed to keep animals warm. But the question is how do humans utilize this miracle fat, Dr. Kajimura is experimenting with different substances that he says could do just that. So far their have been substances that have proved successful including a popular diabetes drug but the side effects are to dangerous for universal use. But in the coming decade the hope is to develop the right balance to safely melt the fat away and maybe even change the way we look at fat.

Now researchers believe that there are some foods that likely do tap into fat burning brown fat. They include chilli peppers and some teas like green tea. Also prolonged exposure to cold.

The Exercise Habits Of Successful Dieters

A new study,?published in the Journal of?Physical Activity and Health,investigates several subgroups of the participants, divided by exercise amounts, the first such analysis of the registry population. The study results include some surprises.

 

The researchers followed 3,591 adult men and women (average age of 46; 95% Caucasian), dividing them into four groups by their physical activity levels. The highest exercisers said they expended more than 3,500 calories (roughly 35 miles of running) in a week; the low-exercise group expended less than 1,000 calories per week. The study lasted three years. All subjects were already enrolled in the registry, meaning that they had maintained a weight loss of at least 30 pounds for a year or longer.

 

The study team hypothesized that the low-exercise group would have to follow more dietary strategies to maintain their weight than the high exercisers. Instead, the results showed the opposite.
?Those reporting higher levels of physical activity indicated greater difficulty maintaining weight [based on several behavior questionnaires completed by all subjects], and a greater importance of both following their diet regimen and following their exercise routine,? the researchers wrote.
The researchers also noted the following:
?We were surprised to observe that those reporting low levels of physical activity did not appear to rely more on dietary strategies to achieve and maintain their weight loss relative to those reporting more physical activity. There is a subset of [registry] participants who appear to be able to maintain a weight loss while engaging in relatively low levels of physical activity and with less of a focus on dietary habits.?
Lead author Victoria Catenacci, M.D., from the Anschutz Health and Wellness Center at the University of Colorado Denver, told?Runner’s World Newswire,
?This suggests that there is not a one-size-fits-all strategy for successful weight loss maintenance. Some individuals may need to use more strategies than others.?
She also notes that the low-activity group had twice as many smokers as the other three groups.
All four groups reported roughly the same amount of weight regain, about 11 pounds, during the three years. The same subjects had lost an average of ?71 pounds before entering into the registry database. Message: It really is hard to keep all the weight off, even if you are an exerciser.

 

Among the diet strategies more often followed by the high-activity group than the other groups: lower fat intake, more carbohydrate intake, less fast food, and more frequent breakfasts. At the beginning of the study, this group had lost about 7.5 pounds more than those in the other three activity groups.
?The important take-home message here is that most successful weight-loss maintainers employ both dietary and activity strategies, not one or the other,? says Catenacci. ?Some people may need more strategies than others. The key is to find a set of behaviors that works for you, and then to maintain them over time.?

Click the following link to learn more on The Exercise Habits Of Successful Dieters.

 

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